Leaf Shapes List From Acicular To Zonal




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Botanical name English name Description
A
Acicular Needle-like
L_acicular This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Narrow long and pointed as in pine leaves.

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Acuminate Tapering Point
L_acuminatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tip
The leaves are drawn out into a long tapering point.

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Acute Sharply pointed
L_acutelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves ends in a point with an angle less than 90 degrees.

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Acute Sharply pointed
L_acuteb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The bases ends in a point less than 90 degrees.

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Alternate Alternate
L_alternate This Refers To the
Leaf array
Leaves occurring or following in turn each succeeding the other on either side of the stem.

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Amplexicaul Clasping
L_amplexicaulat This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The leaves seems to clasp the stems of the plant.

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Apiculate Small Tip
L_apiculatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf tip ends abruptly in a small pointed tip.

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Aristate Bristle
L_aristatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf has a well developed bristle or stiff awns.

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Asymmetrical Uneven
L_asymmetrical This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Leaves are not symetricalabout the middle of the leaf from the base to the tip.

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Asymmetrical Uneven
L_asymmetricalb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The leaves are uneven at the base, like this Begonia leaf.

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Attenuate Tapering Point
L_attenuateb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
Leaves gradually tapering to a point with concave margins that form an angle less than 45 degrees.

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Auriculate Small Ear
L_auriculateb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The bases of these leaves have small ear lobes each side of the petiole.

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B
Bipinnate 2-pinnate
L_bipinnate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
Along each side of the main midrib of the leaves there are other midribs each with leaflets (pinna) either side of this second midrib.

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C
Caudate Tail
L_caudatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves seems to have a tail

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Ciliate Comb-like
L_ciliate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
having a margin or fringe of small hairlike projections.

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Cirrose Tendril
L_cirroselt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves have tendril-like tips or tips that end with a curl. This is the same as cirrhose leaves. alt. CIRROUS

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Cleft Split
L_cleftlt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf tips seems to be split in two

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Cleft Split
L_cleftlm This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The leaf margin is deeply inscised and the leaf appear to have many lobes.

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Cordate Heart -shape
L_cordate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having a heart-shaped outline.

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Cordate Heart Shape
L_cordateb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The bases of these leaves are cleft and rounded like in a heart shape.

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Crenate Scalloped
L_crenate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
having a margin with rounded scalloped projections.

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Crenulate Ripple-like
L_crenulatem This Refers To the
Leaf edges
Having a margin with tiny, low, rounded teeth.

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Cuneate Wedge shape
L_cuneateb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The bases of these leaves are wedge shaped.

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Cuspidate Pointed
L_cuspidatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf tips terminate in a point.

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D
Decurrent Prolonged
L_decurrentat This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The leaves of these leaves extends down and almost wrap around the stem of the plant.

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Decussate Crossed
L_decussatea This Refers To the
Leaf array
The leaves are arranged in pairs that cross at 90 degrees.

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Deltoid Triangular
L_deltoid This Refers To the
Leaf shape
A triangular leaf shape with a point at the apex.

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Dentate Toothed
L_dentate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
Leaf edges with toothlike projections.

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Denticulate Small tooth-like
L_denticulate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
Finely toothed or notched, minutely dentate edge.

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Digitate Fingered
L_palmate2 This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The leaf is divided into 3 or more fingers which emanate from the same point on the petiole.

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Distichous 2-Rows
L_distichousa This Refers To the
Leaf array
The leaves are arranged in two vertical rows on opposite sides of an axis or midrib of the leaf, like the Yew tree leaves.

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Divergent Atypical
L_divergentb This Refers To the
Leaf base
A base with short straight-sided lobes diverging outwards.

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Double Serrated Saw toothed
L_double_serrated This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The margins of the leaves or structures are notched like the tooth of a saw and each notch is further serrated.

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E
Elliptic Elliptical
L_elliptic This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having the shape of an ellipse.

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Emarginate Notched
L_emarginatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves have a shallow notch at the tip.

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Ensiform Sword-shape
L_ensiform This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Shaped like a sword, as the leaf of an Iris.

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Entire Undivided
L_entirem This Refers To the
Leaf edges
Leaves with an undivided margin; smooth margin.

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F
Falcate Sickle-shaped
L_falcate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Curved and tapering to a point, sickle-shaped

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Filiform Thread-like
L_acicular3 This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves are linear, straight and thread-like.

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Flabellate Fan shaped
L_flabellate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaf leaflets are aranged in a fan shape.

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H
Hastate Arrowhead-shaped
L_hastate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having the shape of an arrowhead but with the basal lobes pointed and flaring outwards at the base.

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I
Imparipinnate Unequally pinnate
L_imparipinnate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The leaves are pinnate with a single leaflet at the apex or terminal.

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Incised Sharply cut
L_incised This Refers To the
Leaf edges
Leaves with sharply and deeply cut edges.

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Involute Rolled
L_involutelm This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The edges of the leaves are rolled inwards on top of the leaf blade. In a similar way to revolute.

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L
Lacerate Ragged
L_laceratelm This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The leaf margins appear to be repeatedly sliced with a sharp scissors.

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Laciniate Pointed lobes
L_laciniate This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The leaf margin appear to be slashed into narrow pointed lobes

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Lanceolate Lance-shaped
L_lanceolate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Tapering from a rounded base toward an apex like a lance.

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Lateral Lateral
L_lateralven This Refers To the
Venation
The veins are arranged away from the midrib of the leaf.

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Ligulate Strap-shaped
L_ligulate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having a belt like shape.

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Ligulate Strap Shaped
L_ligulatea This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The leaves are attached to the stem like a strap.

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Linear Straight
L_linear This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Narrow and elongated with nearly parallel margins.

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Lobed Lobed
L_lobedm This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves have deeply indented margins, but with lobes not entirely separate from each other and does not reach more than halfway to the midrib.

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Lorate Thong
L_lorate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves are strap shaped like the leaves of Clivia.

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M
Mucronate Sharp Spine
L_mucronatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves end abruptly in a sharp point or spine.

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N
Narrowly Cuneate Narrow Wedge Shape
L_narrowly_cuneateb This Refers To the
Leaf base
A narrow base with straight or convex margins that form an angle of less than 45 degrees.

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O
Obcordate Inverted Heart
L_obcordatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaves have the point of attachment at the apex of the heart shape. The leaf tips are therefore cleft like a heart shape.

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Obcordate Inverse heart shape
L_obocordate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves have the point of attachment at the apex of the heart shape.

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Oblanceolate Blunt Lance-shape
L_oblanceolate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Lance-shaped but broadest above the middle and tapering toward the base.

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Oblique Slanting
L_obliqueb This Refers To the
Leaf bases
The leaf bases are similar to asymmetrical leaf bases, but with each lobe attached to the mid-vein at different levels.

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Oblong Oblong
L_oblong This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having a somewhat elongated form with approximately parallel sides. A square, circular, rectangle, ellipse, or spherical form by being elongated in one direction.

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Obovate Egg-shaped
L_obovate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Larger at leaf tip than base. Egg-shaped and flat, with the narrow end attached to the stalk.

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Obtuse Blunted
L_obtuselt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf tip is blunted with an angle greater then 90 degrees.

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Opposite Opposite
L_opposite This Refers To the
Leaf array
The leaves are arranged on the stem in pairs opposite each other on either side of the stem.

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Orbicular Rounded
L_orbicular This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The shape of the leaves are Circular and flat.

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Orbicular Rounded
L_orbicularb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The leaf base is rounded or circular.

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Oval Oval
L_oval This Refers To the
Leaf shape
An elliptical or egg-shaped form or figure.

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Ovate Egg-shaped
L_ovate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
a leaf shape that is egg-shaped with the broader end at the base. Broad and rounded at the base and tapering toward the tip.

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P
Palmate Palm
L_palmate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The leaves are digitally lobed with each lobe arising from a common point. Like the palm of the hand.

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Palmate Palm
L_palmatev This Refers To the
Venation
The venation start from a common point like the palm of the hand.

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Palmately lobed Hand like
L_palmately_lobed This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves are lobed and look like the palm of the hand. They can be three or more lobes toeach leaf.

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Parallel Parallel
L_parallelv This Refers To the
Venation
The venation run parallel along the length of the leaf as in most monocotlydon plants.

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Paripinnate Feathered
L_paripinnate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The leaves are pinnate with even numbers of leaflets on each side of the midrib. i.e. without a single leaflet at the apex or terminal.

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Pectinate Comb-like
L_pectinate This Refers To the
Leaf array
The leaves resembles the tooth of a comb like some conifers.

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Peltate Shield-like
L_peltate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having a flat usually circular structure attached to the stalk near the center, rather than at or near the edge. Like the leaf of the Nasturtium.

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Perfoliate Through
L_perfoliate This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The basal lobes of the leaves are joined so that the stem appears to go straight through the leaf.

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Petiolate Small Foot
L_petiolatea This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The leaves are attached to the stem with a petiole or small stalk.

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Pinna Feather
L_pinna This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The individual leaf of a compound pinnate leaf. The leaflet on either side of the midrib of a pinnate compound leaf.

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Pinnate Feathered
L_pinnatev This Refers To the
Venation
The venation arise from the midrib like a feather.

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Pinnate Feathered
L_pinnate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
A compound leaf with leaflets on either side of the midrib like a feather.

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Pinnately Lobed Feather-like
L_pinnately_lobed This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves are lobed with three or more lobes arranged like a pinnate leaf, but with the lobing not reaching the midrib.

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Pinnatifid Cleaved
L_pinnatifid This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves are split or lobed halfway to the midrib in a feather-like manner.

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Pinnatisect Feather cut
L_pinnatisect This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves are lobed or cut almost to the midrib.

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Plicate folded
L_parallelv This Refers To the
Leaf surface
Of leaves folded multiple time lengthwise into parallel ridges, like a fan; corrugated like the pleats of cloth.

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Q
Quinate Five Leaved
L_palmate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The leaves are digitally lobed with each of its five lobes arising from a common point. Like the palm of the hand.

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R
Reniform Kidney shape
L_reniform This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves are in the shape of a kidney or bean.

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Retuse Blunted
L_retuselt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The leaf tip s are blunted and obtuse with a small notch in the middle.

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Revolute Rolled
L_revolutelm This Refers To the
Leaf margin
The leaf margins are rolled up under the leaf blade. In a similar way to involute.

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Rhomboidal Diamond shaped
L_rhomboidal This Refers To the
Leaf shape
The leaves are in the shape of a rhombus or a skewed parrellelogram.

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Rosette Rose-like
L_rosettela This Refers To the
Leaf array
A circular cluster of leaves that radiate from a center at or close to the ground.

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S
Sagittate Arrow-shaped
L_sagittate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having the shape of an arrowhead without flaring base lobes.

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Scale-like Scale-like
L_scale-like This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Having leaves that are flattened and closely attached to the stem like the Juniperus chinensis and other connifer trees.

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Scale-like Scale-like
L_scale-likearr This Refers To the
leaf array
Having leaves that are arranged flattened and closely attached to the stem like the Juniperus chinensis and other connifer trees.

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Serrate Saw Tooth
L_serrate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The margins of the leaves or structures are notched like the tooth of a saw.

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Serrulate Fine Saw Tooth
L_serrulate This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves margin are like the tooth of a fine saw tooth.

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Sessile None
L_sessilea This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The leaves are attached to the stem without a petiole.

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Shallowly lobed Shallowly lobed
L_shallowly_lobed This Refers To the
Leaf shape
As the name says the leaves are shallowly lobed.

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Sheating Shell
L_sheatingla This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
The lower part of the leaf surrounds the stem.

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Sinuate Curve
L_sinuatem This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves have a wavy and indented margin.

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Spatulate Spatula-like
L_spatulate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
A leaf shape having a broad rounded apex and a narrow base.

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Spinose Prickly
L_spinosem This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The leaves have many spines like the leaves of some Holly.

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Spore Spore
L_spores This Refers To the
Reproduction cells
The minute, reproductive structure of flowerless plants, such as ferns, fungi, and mosses.

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Stipulate Small Stalk
L_stipulateat This Refers To the
Leaf attachment
Having stipules at the point of attachment.

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Subulate Tapering
L_subulate This Refers To the
Leaf shape
Narrow and tapering to a point. Like a pointed braddle or awl. Become gradually narrower or thinner toward one end, like an onion leaf.

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T
Tendril Threadlike
L_tendril This Refers To the
Leaf shape
A curling, threadlike structure by which a twining plant, such as a grape vine grasps an object or a plant for support

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Trifoliolate 3-Palmate
L_trifoliolate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
The plant with these leaves have three leaves growing from the same point.

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Tripinnate 3-pinnate
L_tripinnate This Refers To the
Compound leaf
These compound leaves are pinnately divided three times before the leaflets (pinna) appear.

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Truncate Blunt
L_truncatelt This Refers To the
Leaf tips
The end of the leaves appear blunt or truncated.

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Truncate Blunt
L_truncateb This Refers To the
Leaf Bases
The leaf base appear to end abruptly with each side at 90 degrees to the midrib.

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U
Undulate Wavy
L_undulatem This Refers To the
Leaf edges
The edges are wavy up and down.

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Unifoliolate One Leaf
L_unifoliolate This Refers To the
Leaf
The leaf is undivided and monophyllous.

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W
Whorled Whorled
L_whorled This Refers To the
Leaf array
Several leaves are arranged in a circular pattern around the same point on the stem.

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Z
Zonal Banded
L_zonal This Refers To the
Leaf colours
The leaves colouring has definate areas of different colours or shading.

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