Abbreviations Used

Below I have tried to give the meaning of all the abbreviations used in this web site.

  • a. adjective
  • adv. adverb
  • alt. alternative name (synonym)
  • app/. applies or applied to
  • Ar. Arabic
  • A.S. Anglo-Saxon
  • ca. (circa) approximately
  • Cel.. Celtic
  • cf. (confer) compare
  • Dan. Danish
  • Dim. diminutive
  • Dut. Dutch
  • e.g. (exempli gratia) for example
  • et al. (et alii) and others
  • etc. (et cetera) and so forth
  • F. or Fr French
  • Ger. German
  • Gk. Greek
  • Gmc. Germananic
  • Icel. Icelandic
  • i.e. (id est) that is
  • i.q. (idem quod) the same as
  • Ir. Ireland
  • It. Italian
  • L. Latin
  • L. Lower (appl. geological periods)
  • L.L. Late Latin
  • Mal. Malaysian
  • M.E. Middle English
  • M.Du. Middle Dutch
  • Mod. Modern
  • n haploid number of chromosomes
  • 2n diploid number of chromosomes
  • n. noun
  • O.Du. Old Dutch
  • O.E. Old English
  • O.F. Old French
  • O.Fr. Old French
  • O.N. Old Norse
  • pert. pertaining to
  • plu. plural
  • p.p.m. parts per million
  • q.v. (quod vide) which see
  • Russ. Russian
  • sing. singular
  • s.l. (sensu lato) in the broad sense
  • Sp. Spanish
  • sp. species (sing.)
  • spp. species (plu.)
  • s.s. (sensu stricto) in the narrow sense
  • Sw. Swedish
  • v. verb
  • x. haploid generation
  • 2x diploid generation

Back to Glossaryentries