Pests and Diseases From Take All Turf Disease To Voles


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T
Common Name:- Take All Turf Disease
P_turfophptch Take-all is the same disease known as Turf Ophiobolus Patch disease, which is a fungal disease of lawns, particularly those with a high percentage of fine bent grasses (Agrostis spp.), which is a fine-leaved grass. It is caused by the fungus, Gaeu...
Caused by:- The Fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis
Control:- Grasses prefer a lower ph, down to a ph of 5, therefore avoid using...

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Common Name:- Tar Spot of Acer
P_trsptacer Tar Spot of Acer is a very conspicuous fungal leaf disease of sycamore and some other maples and is caused by the fungus Rhytisma acerinum.
There are several genetically distinct varieties of the fungus, which vary in the species of Acer t...
Caused by:- The Fungus Rhytisma acerinum
Control:- Preventative spraying in the spring, with a systemic fungicide, m...

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Common Name:- Tarsonemid Mites
P_stbymites There are several Tarsonemid Mites that attacks plants of many genus. Some are specific to a few plants, whilst some are more catholic in their choice of host and some are harmless to plants. They suck the sap from the plant causing death of the a...
Caused by:- Various Mites of the Tarsonemidae Family
Control:- A broad spectrum insecticide may cause more damage than a specific ...

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Common Name:- Thrips
P_thrips The Onion Thrips (Thrips tabaci) adult and nymph. Picture by Alton N. Sparks, Jr., University of Georgia, Bugwood.org.
There are over 5000 different Thrips of the Order Thysanoptera most are small slender insects with fringed wings and abo...
Caused by:- Insects of the Thysanoptera Order
Control:- There are several natural enemies such as <a href="/pests/269?telep...

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Common Name:- Thunderworms
P_thndrworm Thunderworm are long (20cm) thin (1mm) creamish worms that spends most of their lives in the soil. They are members of the genus Mermis and are in the Phylum Nematoda and their body contents can usually be seen through their translucent body.
Caused by:- Nematodes of the Mermis Genus
Control:- No control is necessary.

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Common Name:- Toadstools
P_toadstool Toadstools or mushrooms is caused by fungi and can develop all over the garden, wherever there is organic matter for it to decay. It is a natural part of the flora of any garden and most toadstools fungi are providing a useful service in recycling...
Caused by:- Various Fungi
Control:- Simply brush off the toadstools when they appear, to prevent them f...

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Common Name:- Tomato Blight
P_tomatoblight1 The blight is caused by a microscopic fungus Phytophthora infestans whose spores easily break away from infected leaves and is spread by the wind. This is the same fungus that causes Potato blight which eventually reaches the roots and tubers. It ...
Caused by:- The Fungus Phytoththora infectans
Control:- Tomato blight spreads by wind and water-splashes and is almost impo...

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Common Name:- Tomato Blotchy Ripening
P_tombltchripen Tomato Blotchy Ripening is a problem which is not fully understood, but environmental conditions, damage during fertilisiation and or thrips-transmitted Tomato spotted wilt virus seems to play a major part in its cause. The symptoms are yellow or...
Caused by:- Unknown, but probably Environmental Conditions
Control:- Environmental factors that are associated with this problem are fir...

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Common Name:- Tomato Cyst Eelworms
P_potcysteel Cysts of yellow potato cyst nematode Picture by Bonsak Hammeraas, Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Bugwood.org.
The Tomato Cyst Eelworms are the same two eelworms that are known as Potato Cyst Eelwo...
Caused by:- Two Nematodes of the Heterodera Genus
Control:- Infestations of Potato Cyst Eelworm can be predicted by monitoring ...

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Common Name:- Tomato Fruit Splitting
P_tomftsplit Tomato Fruit Splitting, with inevitable secondary fungal infection of the fruit, is not a pest as such and is a physiological problem due mainly to erratic watering or large swings in temperatures between day and night. Another more rarer cause is...
Caused by:- Physiological Stress Problems
Control:- Mulching plants and ensuring regular watering should eliminate the ...

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Common Name:- Tomato Ghost Spot
P_tomghstspot Tomato Ghost Spot is caused by the fungus Botrytis which mainly happens when there is low temperatures and high humidity.
The symptoms are the green fruits gets whitish circular ...
Caused by:- The Fungus Botrytis cinerea
Control:- Ensure that there is good air circulation around the plants. This w...

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Common Name:- Tomato Greenback
P_tomgnback Tomato Greenback is probably a physiological problem which is exacerbated by the genetic make up of the tomato variety. The symptoms are that a large portion usually around the stalk end remains green and refuses to ripen, whilst the rest of the f...
Caused by:- Physicological Causes
Control:- Provide shade or external blinds or whitewash the greenhouse glass ...

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Common Name:- Tomato Leaf Mould
P_tomlfmld Tomato Leaf Mould is caused by the fungus Mycovellosiella fulva (formally Fulvia fulva or Cladosporium fulvum) which affects the foliage of tomatoes. The pathogen only affects tomatoes and and is usually a problem mainly in greenhouses, but can af...
Caused by:- The Fungus Mycovellosiella fulva
Control:- Use seed certified to be disease free or treat seed with the hot wa...

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Common Name:- Tomato Moth
P_tommoth The Tomato Moth Lacanobia oleracea (Polia oleracea and Melanchra oleracea) is also known as the Bright-line Brown-eye.
The Bright-line Brown-eye refers to a thin W shaped line on the trailing edge of the wings and a brown spot on the wings....
Caused by:- The Larvae of the Moth Lacanobia oleracea
Control:- If the infestation is light you can try and pick the caterpillar fr...

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Common Name:- Tomato Pith Necrosis
P_tomptnecr Tomato Pith Necrosis is caused by the soil-borne bacterium Pseudomonas corrugata which also attacks peppers and chrysanthemums. It tends to attack mature plants just before the tomato fruits ripens usually when the nights are cold compared with da...
Caused by:- The Bacterium Pseudomonas corrugata
Control:- Try to avoid low nigh-time temperatures, high nitrogen fertility a...

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Common Name:- Tomato Viruses
P_tomvirus Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Picture by William M. Brown Jr., Bugwood.org.
There are many viruses that attack Tomato plants. Their symptoms are varied depending upon the variety of...
Caused by:- Various Viruses
Control:- Obtain seed from reputable sources that can guarantee virus free se...

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Common Name:- Tortrix Moths
P_carntortmoth The Carnation Tortrix Moth Cacoecimorpha pronubana Picture from Wikimedia Commons.
Tortrix Moths belong to the family Tortricidae which has over 9000 species and is commonly known as Tortrix Moths. They attack a wide range of plants...
Caused by:- Various Moths of the Tortricidae Family
Control:- The moths usually has at least two generations per year, between la...

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Common Name:- Tulip Fire
P_tlipfire Tulip fire is a fungal disease of tulips caused by Botrytis tulipae and is closely related to the grey mould pathogen Botrytis cinerea. It which produces brown spots on stems and twiste...
Caused by:- The Fungus Botrytis tulipae
Control:- Remove immediately any infected leaves and spray with fungicide the...

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Common Name:- Tulip Grey Bulb Rot
P_tlipgrblbrot Tulip Grey Bulb Rot is a fungal disease caused by Rhizoctonia tuliparum which is related to R. solani. It usually cause the bulb to rot before the shoot emerges from the soil.
Any bulbs that does shoot will produce severely distorted shoots...
Caused by:- The Fungus Rhizoctonia tuliparum
Control:- Use only bulbs certified to be disease free.<br /> Any affected bu...

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Common Name:- Turf Dollar Spot
P_trfdlrspot Turf Dollar spot is caused by the fungus Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, which experts in taxonomy think should be in another genus. Therefore this name may change in the future. This fungus blights leaf tissues but does not affect turf grass roots or cr...
Caused by:- The Fungus Sclerotinia homoeocarpa
Control:- Proper lawn management, such as spiking, proper watering and fert...

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Common Name:- Turf Fairy Rings
P_lnfryrng Fairy Rings are also known as fairy circle, elf circle, elf ring or pixie ring and also occupy a prominent place in European folklore as the location of gateways into elfin kingdoms, or places where elves gather and dance. It is a naturally occur...
Caused by:- Variuos Fungi
Control:- Fairy rings are rarely fatal to lawns.<br /> If fairy rings are no...

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Common Name:- Turf Ophiobolus Patch
P_turfophptch Turf Ophiobolus Patch disease now known as Take-all is a fungal disease of lawns, particularly those with a high percentage of fine bent grasses (Agrostis spp.), which is a fine-leaved grass. It is caused by the fungus, Gaeumannomyces graminis whi...
Caused by:- The Fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis
Control:- Grasses prefer a lower ph, down to a ph of 5, therefore avoid using...

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Common Name:- Turf Red Thread
P_tfredthrd Turf Red Thread disease is a fungal disease of lawns especially in lawns of low nitrogen along with conditions of high humidity or prolong wetness. It is caused by the fungus Laetisaria fuciformis (formerly Corticium fuciforme) and tends to appea...
Caused by:- The Fungus Laetisaria fuciformis
Control:- Fertilise your lawn with adequate amounts of fertiliser especially ...

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Common Name:- Turf Snow Mould
P_snowmld Turf Snow Mould fungi are active when the temperature is just above freezing and in moist conditions. These conditions occur most frequently under snow cover or anything else that covers the grass, such as fallen leaves.
Snow mould in grass...
Caused by:- Two Fungi Fusarium nivale or Typhula incarnata
Control:- The best way of preventing or reducing snow mould problems in lawns...

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Common Name:- Turnip Gall Weevil
P_tnpglwvl The Turnip Gall Weevil Ceuthorhynchus pleurostigma attacks turnips, but it also attacks other members of the brassica family such as cabbages, rape, cauliflower and mustard.
The feeding activities of the larvae of this weevil simulat...
Caused by:- The Weevil Ceuthorhynchus pleurostigma
Control:- This is a minor pest and can usually be ignored, but if is a proble...

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U
Common Name:- Urocystis
P_urocystis Urocystis is a genus of smut fungi belonging to the family Tilletiaceae which infect grasses and other plants. There are several species of this fungi and the symptoms of each differs according to plant or species. Some species of Urocystis are U...
Caused by:- A Genus of Smut Fungi
Control:- Crop rotations, planting resistant varieties of plants avoid sowing...

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Common Name:- Uromyces
P_uromyces Uromyces is a genus of fungal plant pathogens in the family Pucciniaceae. Many species causes rust in various plants. Some are specific to a particular plant species and others are omni-pathogenic.
Some species of Uromyces are U. apiosporus...
Caused by:- A Fungal Plant Pathogen
Control:- Various strategies depending on plant affected.

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V
Common Name:- Vapourer Moth
P_vprmoth The Vapourer Moth Orgyia antiqua, also known as the Tussock moth, feeds on a wide range of broad-leaved deciduous trees and shrubs, and can be very destructive in forests and cities. Some of the trees and shrubs attacked are Apple, Buddleia...
Caused by:- The Moth Orgyia antiqua
Control:- Hand picking off the females will cure light infestations.<br /> S...

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Common Name:- Verticillum Wilts
P_vertwilt Verticillium Wilt is a soil bourn disease caused by several species of Verticillium fungi, but two species Verticillium dahliae and V. albo-atrum are the most common. V.dahliae, which produce resting spores, is most prevalent in hardwood tr...
Caused by:- Various species of Verticillum Fungi
Control:- In confirmed cases remove and destroy the plant or tree with as m...

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Common Name:- Viburnum Beetle
P_vibrnmbtle The Viburnum Leaf Beetle, Pyrrhalta viburni whose larvae eats the leaf tissues between the leaf veins until it has a lace-like appearance. Damage is mainly concentrated on young shoots.
It is native to Europe and has been increasing ...
Caused by:- The Larvae and Adult Beetle Pyrrhalta viburni
Control:- With light infestation you can squash or pick off the larvae and ...

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Common Name:- Viburnum Cushion Scale
P_vibrnmcotscl The Viburnum Cushion Scale Lichtensia viburni live on the underside of the leaces next to a leaf vein where it sucks the sap from the leaf and excrete honeydew. This honeydew falls on the lower leaves where it may cause sooty mould to ddeve...
Caused by:- The Scale Insect Lichtensia viburni
Control:- Brushing of the insects with methylated spirits can be tried or if ...

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Common Name:- Viburnum Whitefly
P_vibrnmwhtfly The Viburnum Whitefly Aleurotrachelus jelinekii is a sap-sucking insect found on the underside of the leaves of Viburnum and sometimes on strawberry trees.
The white winged flies are 1-2mm long and can be usually be seen in mid-summe...
Caused by:- The insect Aleurotrachelus jelinekii
Control:- Spray the shrub thoroughly in mid summer when adult whiteflies begi...

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Common Name:- Vine Erinose Gall Mite
P_vineermite The Vine Erinose Mite Colomerus vitis of the family Eriophidae, is also known also as the grape erineum mite, grape gall mite, grape bud mite, grape blister mite, grape leaf blister mite, leaf roll mites, bud mites and blister mites.
...
Caused by:- The Gall Mite Colomerus vitis
Control:- Individual leaves can be picked off and burnt or destroyed to preve...

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Common Name:- Vine Weevil
P_vineweevil1 There are several species of Vine Weevils from the genus Otiorhynchus whose soil born larvae does great damage to a wide range of plants, shrubs and trees especially Azalea, Camellia, Cyclamen, Begonias Euonymus, Fuchsias, Impatiens, Primulas, Rho...
Caused by:- Several Beetles of the Genus Otiorhyncbus
Control:- They are difficult to control because of their nocturnal behaviour ...

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Common Name:- Violet Gall Midge
P_ violtglmdge There are three Violet Gall Midges Dasineura affinis, dasyneura violae and Phytophaga violicola.
Phytophaga violicola is found in the USA where the adult fly or midge lays white eggs in the curled margins of the new unfolded leaves....
Caused by:- Midges from the Genus Phytophaga and Dasineura
Control:- Cut off the distorted leaves or the whole plant as soon as you see ...

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Common Name:- Violet Root Rot
P_vletrtrot Violet root rot is caused by several Helicobasidium species that lives in the soil and all of which gives similar symptoms. Some of the species are H. brebisonii, H. mompa, H. purpreum and H. compactum. This fungus is world wide and different regi...
Caused by:- Several species of Helicobasidium Fungus
Control:- Remove infected plants before they start to disintegrate and produc...

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Common Name:- Viruses
P_virus Viruses are an ultra small intracellular parasite that can only be seen under an electron microscope. They come in many shapes and sizes. They have DNA covered in a protein coat and uses the cell host to reproduce its DNA to replicate itself. Plan...
Caused by:- Protien Coated DNA living organisms.
Control:- There is no cure for viruses and plants are best destroyed as soon ...

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Common Name:- Voles
P_voles There are about 155 species of Voles that can invade a garden, such as Arvicola amphibius:- the water vole, Clethrionomys glareolus:- the Bank vole, and Microtus agrestris:- the Orkney Vole.
It is a small rodent looking like a mouse, betwee...
Caused by:- Several Genus from the Cricetidae Family
Control:- Voles have predators such as Foxes, Weasels, Kestrels, Snakes, Owls...

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